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코로나바이러스 발생 당시 중국이 봄철 모내기를 준비하는 데 농업기술 기업의 도움
  • 기사등록 2020-04-22 11:17:06
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Image by Sarah Clarry from Pixabay

How agtech helps China prepare for spring planting during Coronavirus outbreak

While China slowly recovers from the coronavirus outbreak, agtech helps farmers prepare for spring planting.

https://www.futurefarming.com/Smart-farmers/Articles/2020/4/How-agtech-helps-China-prepare-for-spring-planting-during-Coronavirus-outbreak-568417E/

The Covid-19 or coronavirus outbreak has led to an economical standstill worldwide. Agriculture is no exception. China’s agricultural industry is suffering from a lack of free flow of labour and raw materials due to restrictions imposed after the outbreak of the coronavirus. While the country is getting ready for the planting season, labour and fertiliser are scarce.

Impact of coronavirus on the agricultural chain

For the upstream suppliers of agricultural inputs in China, usually, a market shortage occurs during the spring planting preparation stage. This year, the shutdown of businesses and traffic obstructions as a response to the coronavirus outbreak has led to a stagnation of the agricultural infrastucture system.

Green channel for spring planting

China recently opened a so-called green channel for spring planting, through which businesses and farmers can be supplied with the necessary inputs. For farmers in the northern parts of China, spring planting is earlier than usual and overlaps with the epidemic cycle, so it is necessary to mobilise government and industry resources to ensure spring planting production.

In this critical period, large enterprises show more advantages because their stock or raw material reserves are relatively large. Some specialised export enterprises now even directly sell their products to the domestic market in the current situation, filling the domestic demand gap. And innovative enterprises take advantage of new ways to obtain customers easier and faster to get orders, hence to achieve a positive market effect in a short time.

Free drones

China’s agtech firms are doing their best to ensure spring planting. One example is MCFLY, a company specialised in remote sensing, articial intelligence, crop protection and big data. The company operates so-called plant protection service centers in more than 30 counties and towns across China. These service centers are equipped with drones and agricultural materials in warehouses. Right now, MCFLY provides free UAVs and drone operators for all villages and towns to help rural areas with disinfection operations and aerial patrols.

Another company, Jiahe Info, launched the “Jiahe Spring Planting Preparation Decision Platform”. Using remote sensing technology, the platform gathers and analyses data for Chinese farmers and provides them with the necessary data in order for farmers to commence spring planting as soon as possible and provides farmers with the right crop protection tools.

Free online services for farmers

Shuxitech, together with several ag-tech leading enterprises launched the “Spring Planting Non-profit Alliance for Resisting COVID-19”. It provides farmers with free services including agricultural big data at field level, recommendations, notifications, and the ability to rent machinery online.

The non-profit alliance also provides online financial matching for agricultural resources and machinery, agricultural risk coverage, and real-time trading information services through satellite positioning, remote sensing, big data, and cloud computing technology. These services enable farmers to reduce face to face contact, while preparing for spring planting.

Why agtech can help us survive crises

In general, digital and smart agriculture is the future trend for China. Digital agriculture, such as WeChat mini-programs (sub-applications of the WeChat app, a Chinese social media app that can be seen as combination of Twitter, Facebook and WhatsApp, but with which users can also buy products online or even order a taxi) play a bigger role during the COVID-19 outbreaks than expected. For instance, farmers in villages that are closed off from the outside world can use WeChat to view online samples – also known as cloud samples – of agricultural products, and place orders.

The importance of these digital tools will only increase in the aftermath of the coronovirus outbreak. Labour and inputs will remain scarce as the agricultural infrastructure suffers from all the restrictions imposed. Agtech can help Chinese farmers overcome these problems, as is being proven now. And with the accelerated adoption af agtech, Chinese farmers will be more resilient to future crises.

요약

중국은 기업과 농민들이 필요한 투입물을 공급받을 수 있는 이른바 봄철 모내기를 위한 녹색 통로를 열었다. 중국 북부지역 농가의 경우 봄철 모내기가 예년보다 빠르고 전염 주기와도 겹치기 때문에 봄철 모내기가 생산될 수 있도록 정부 및 산업자원을 동원할 필요가 있다.

중국의 agtech 기업들은 봄철 모내기를 보장하기 위해 최선을 다하고 있다. 한 예로 원격 감지, 예술적 지능, 농작물 보호 및 빅데이터를 전문으로 하는 회사인 MCFLY가 중국 전역의 30개 이상의 군과 마을에 식물 보호 서비스 센터를 운영하고 있다. 이들 서비스센터에는 창고에 드론과 농자재가 설치돼 있다. 현재 엠씨플라이는 모든 마을과 마을에 UAV와 드론 운영자를 무료로 제공해 농촌지역 소독운영과 공중순찰을 돕고 있다.

또 다른 회사인 지아허 인포(Jiahe Info)는 "지아허 봄 모내기 준비 결정 플랫폼"을 출범시켰다. 이 플랫폼은 원격감지 기술을 활용해 중국 농가를 위한 데이터를 수집·분석해 농민들이 봄철 모내기를 하루빨리 시작할 수 있도록 필요한 자료를 제공하고 농가에 올바른 농작물 보호 도구를 제공한다.

슈시텍은 몇몇 농업기술 선도기업들과 함께 "COVID-19에 저항하기 위한 봄 모내기 비영리 연합"을 출범시켰다. 농업인에게 농업 빅데이터, 추천, 알림, 온라인 기계 대여 기능 등 무료 서비스를 제공한다.

비영리연합은 위성위치확인, 원격감지, 빅데이터, 클라우드 컴퓨팅 기술 등을 통해 농업자원과 기계, 농업위험보전, 실시간 거래정보 서비스 등에 대한 온라인 금융매칭도 제공한다. 이러한 서비스를 통해 농부들은 봄철 모내기를 준비하면서 대면 접촉을 줄일 수 있다.

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  • 기사등록 2020-04-22 11:17:06
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