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장쑤농업과학원이 유엔식량농업기구와 손잡고 지속가능한 농업과 농촌경제를 지원
  • 기사등록 2020-04-22 11:17:16
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Image by Gerd Altmann from Pixabay

Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences joins forces with FAO to support sustainable agriculture and rural economies

https://reliefweb.int/report/world/jiangsu-academy-agricultural-sciences-joins-forces-fao-support-sustainable-agriculture

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences (JAAS) have signed a partnership agreement which foresees joint efforts to support smallholder farmers through technological innovation.

The collaboration will focus on developing sustainable, resilient and efficient food systems across urban and rural areas, and sharing knowledge and technologies with developing countries through FAO's South-South and triangular cooperation framework.

"The Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences has a long experience in working in China to help modernize and develop agriculture through science and technological innovation," said JAAS President Yi Zhongyi. "Cooperation with FAO will open a window of opportunity for JAAS to learn from and contribute to FAO's South-South and Triangular Cooperation framework."

"Innovation and technology transfer are key to paving the way for healthy and sustainable food systems," said FAO Deputy Director-General, Laurent Thomas. "The partnership between JAAS and FAO will allow sharing of knowledge and expertise to support solutions and develop capacities for strengthening sustainable agriculture development in China, Southeast Asia and Africa."

JAAS is a comprehensive agricultural and veterinary medicine research institution in Jiangsu, China. Through its work, JAAS aims to address a broad range of challenges which currently impact agricultural development and local rural economies. The academy comprises 17 specialized institutes and 11 regional institutes, with research interests covering from crop sciences, animal sciences, food safety and nutrition, agricultural resources and environment to agricultural mechanization.

During the past decades, China has undergone a successful urban and rural revitalization. In the Yangtze River Delta region, an area which accounts for nearly 25 percent of China's GDP, JAAS has been active in implementing sustainable agriculture through innovation and digitalization, including in the region's Jiangsu Province.

Seeking to help the furthest behind

The partnership will focus on activities which promote rural revitalization and stronger urban-rural linkages, paying special attention to rural areas and to marginalized farmers. The aim is ensuring food safety, achieving food security, and reducing poverty in both urban and rural areas.

As part of the collaboration, FAO and JAAS will ensure that research, best practices and innovations in the fields of sustainable agriculture and mechanization are widely shared, both with rural communities within China and with other countries with large agricultural sectors which would benefit from this expertise. The partnership will rely on FAO's South-South and triangular cooperation framework to foster sustainable and climate resilient agriculture development, both in rural areas of China and in parts of Africa, in a way that is appropriate to local agroecological and socio-economic conditions.

Research undertaken within the context of the partnership will focus on the development of cropping systems and strong extension programmes in circular agriculture, conservation agriculture, and smart agriculture, with the overall goal of safeguarding agricultural resources and the environment, ensuring food safety and strengthening value chains and rural-urban food supply chains.

A partnership of complementary strengths

This partnership builds on collaboration between the two organizations relating to innovation, sustainable agriculture and food systems in urban and rural settings. Through Farmer Field Schools, FAO and JAAS have conducted a series of training programmes to mitigate pesticide risks in selected rural villages; in November 2019, collaboration on City Region Food Systems was advanced through a FAO-JAAS Sustainable Food System Seminar addressing sustainable urban-rural food systems, urbanization, food loss and waste, urban agriculture, and E-commerce for fresh agricultural products; and in March, FAO and JAAS also co-organized the Rural Revitalization and Integrated Urban-Rural Development Forum promoting sustainable and climate-resilient agricultural development, rural economic empowerment, social protection and decent rural employment.

요약

장쑤농업과학원이 유엔식량농업기구와 손잡고 지속가능한 농업과 농촌경제를 지원

유엔식량농업기구(FAO)와 장쑤농업과학원(JAAS)이 기술혁신을 통한 소농민 지원 공동 노력을 예고하는 파트너십 협약을 체결했다.

파트너십은 농촌 활성화와 더 강력한 도시-농촌 연계를 촉진하는 활동에 초점을 맞춰 농촌과 소외된 농민들에게 각별한 관심을 기울일 예정이다. 목표는 도시와 농촌 모두에서 식품 안전 보장, 식품 안전 보장, 빈곤 감소이다.

FAO와 JAAS는 협력의 일환으로 중국 내 농촌 지역 사회와 농업 부문이 큰 다른 국가들과 함께 지속 가능한 농업 및 기계화 분야의 연구, 모범 사례 및 혁신 기술을 폭넓게 공유할 수 있도록 보장할 것이다. 이번 협력은 FAO의 남남과 삼각 협력 틀에 의존해 중국의 농촌 지역과 아프리카의 일부 지역에서 모두 지역 농업 생태학적, 사회 경제적 조건에 적합한 방식으로 지속 가능하고 기후 탄력적인 농업 발전을 육성할 예정이다.

파트너십의 맥락에서 수행되는 연구는 농업 자원과 환경 보호, 식품 안전 보장 및 가치 사슬 강화라는 전반적인 목표를 가지고 순환 농업, 보존 농업, 스마트 농업에서의 크롭 시스템 및 강력한 확장 프로그램의 개발에 초점을 맞출 것이다

*JAAS는 중국 장쑤성에 있는 종합 농·수의학 연구기관이다. JAAS는 이 작업을 통해 현재 농업 발전과 지역 농촌 경제에 영향을 미치는 광범위한 과제를 해결하고자 한다. 이 아카데미는 17개의 전문 기관과 11개의 지역 기관으로 구성되어 있으며, 작물 과학, 동물 과학, 식품 안전 및 영양, 농업 자원과 환경에서부터 농업 기계화에 이르기까지 연구에 관심이 있다.

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